Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve due to abnormally high eye pressure. Optic nerve is responsible for sending visual information to the brain. Once the optic nerve is severely damaged, the brain can no longer receive information from the eye, leading to loss of vision. Hence, early diagnosis and treatment is very important.

Symptoms – Glaucoma causes very slow progressive loss of vision and thus usually it goes unnoticed.

There are various risk factors for developing glaucoma like -

  • Having Family history of glaucoma
  • high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, etc
  • Taking certain medications like steroids
  • Have had an injury to your eye
  • Are near-sighted or farsighted

Treatment : It is a chronic condition and needs lifetime monitoring and treatment

Treatment options include-

  • Topical medications (eye drops )
  • Lasers